What are the different types of serious brain injuries?

On Behalf of | May 22, 2024 | Brain Injuries |

Brain injuries can have life-altering consequences. They result from car accidents, falls, sports injuries and domestic violence, yet all of these scenarios put the person’s health in great jeopardy.

Knowing the types of severe brain injuries is helpful in identifying one before it worsens and seek compensation if the circumstances warrant it.


Although common, the damage from concussions can still be significant. They occur when the brain shakes inside the skull due to a blow or jolt to the head. Concussions often cause headaches, dizziness, confusion and memory problems. While many recover quickly, others may experience symptoms for weeks or months. Repeated concussions sometimes lead to more severe brain damage over time.


A contusion is a bruise on the brain resulting from a direct impact on the head. This type of injury involves bleeding and swelling within the brain’s tissue. Symptoms include headaches, dizziness, nausea and difficulty with coordination or balance. Intense contusions may require surgery to relieve pressure on the brain.

Diffuse axonal injury

Diffuse axonal injuries happen when the brain rapidly shifts inside the skull, causing the long connecting nerve fibers (axons) to tear. They often result from car accidents or being shaken. DAI may lead to loss of consciousness, coma or long-term cognitive and physical impairments. Recovery can be challenging and sometimes requires extensive rehabilitation.


When bleeding occurs outside or within the brain, a hematoma is present. Epidural hematomas occur between the skull and the outer brain covering. Subdural hematomas happen between the brain and its outer covering. Finally, intracerebral hematomas are within the brain tissue itself. Hematomas typically lead to long-term damage if not treated promptly.

Each of these varieties of brain injuries puts the individual in great peril. Early detection and proper treatment are necessary to mitigate the potential fallout.


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